ELECTROTHERAPY in OB-GYN PT Bibliography

Elizabeth Noble

Alon G et al. Comparison of the effects of electrical stimulation and exercise on abdominal musculature. J Ortho Sports Phys Therapy 8 (12):567, 1987.
Alexander S, Rowan D. An Electronic pessary for stress incontinence. Lancet1:7-28, 1968.
Appel C. Update on TENS in dysmenorrhea. J OB GYN PT. 1989; 13:4:6.
Arns, C. Low back pain in labour—a trial using TENS. APAJOG 5(2):9, 1986.
Augustinsson PL et al. Pain relief during labour by transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation. Pain 4:59, 1977.
Balogun, HA and FA Okonofua. Management of chronic pelvic inflammatory disease with shortwave diathermy. Physical Therapy 68:1541, 188.
Basmajian, JV and De Luca, C.J. Muscles Alive. Their functions revealed by electromyography. Baltimore, MD: Williams and Wilkins, 1985.
Basmajian JV (Ed) Biofeedback: Principles and Practice for Clinicians. Baltimore, MD: Williams & Wilkens, 1989.
Bazeed, JW et al. Effect of chronic electrostimulation of the sacral roots of striated urethral sphincter. J Urol 18:1357, 1982.
Bent AE (eds). Urogynecology and Urodynamics. 3rd ed. Baltimore, Md: Williams and Wilkins; 1991.
Bergman A. Non-surgical treatment of stress urinary incontinence. Ostergard, D. ed 2nd ed. Gynecologic Urology and Urodynamics: Theory and Practice. Baltimore: Williams and Wilkins, Chapter 36, 1985.
Binnie NR et al.The importance of the orientation of the electrode plate in recording the external anal sphincter
EMG by non-invasive anal plug electrodes. Int J Colorect Dis.6(1):5-8, 1991.
Blowman C, Pickles C, Emery S, et al. Prospective double blind controlled trial of intensive physiotherapy with &
without stimulation of the pelvic floor in treatment of genuine stress incontinence. Physiotherapy, 77:661-664, 1991.
Bortoluzzi, G. Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation in labour: practicality and effectiveness in a public hospital labour ward. Aust J Physio 35 (2):81, 1989.
Brecker LR. Application of thermal & electrotherapeutic agents in obstetrics & gynecology. Advance for PTs 4-5, 1993.
Bundsen P et al. Pain relief in labour by transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation. A propsective matched study. Acta Obstet Gynae Scand 60:459, 1981.
___________ Pain relief in labour by transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation. Safety aspects. Acta Obstet Gynae Scand 61:1-5, 1982.
Bundsen P, Ericson K, Peterson L, Thiringer K. Pain relief in labor by transcutaneous nerve stimulation. Testing of a modified technique and evaluation of the neurological and biochemical condition of the newborn infant. Acta Obstet Gvnecol Scand; 61:129-136, 1982.
Carroll D et al. Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation in labour pain: a systematic review. British J Obstet Gynaecol 104 ,2.: 169 Feb1997.
Collins CD et al. Objective assessment of electrical treatment of stress incontinence. Surg Res Soc Proc Royal Soc Med 65:832, 1972.
Copperman A. Use of TENS in the control of post-operative pain:results of a projective randomised control study. Am J Surg 133:155, 1975.
Cram JR (Ed): Surface EMG for Clinical Recordings. Vol 2, Chapter 6. Clinical Resources, Nevada City,1990.
Crompton AC et al. Is transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation of any value during cervical laser treatment? Brit J Obstet Gynaecol 99:492, 1992.
Crothers E. TENS for labour pain. J Assoc Chartered Pysios in Women’s Health 83: 6-10, August 1998.
Davies R. An evaluation of transcutaneous nerve stimulation for relief of pain in labour. ACPOG 65, Summer 1989.
Dawood MY et al. Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) for the treatment of primary dysmenorrhea: a randomized crossover comparison with placebo TENS & Ibuprofen. Obstets & Gynecol.75(4):600.1990.
De Domerico G. Interfential Stimulation: A Monograph. Chattanooga Group, Chattanooga, TN 47-63, 1988.
DeSoldenoff R. New device for control of female urinary incontinence. Br Med J 230, October 1969.
Dougall DS. The effects of interferential therapy on incontinence & frequency of micturition. Physiotherapy. 71:135, 1985.
Dumoulin C. Et al. Pelvic Floor re-education with interferential currents and exercise in the RX of GSI in postpartum women-a cohort study. Physiotherapy 75 (12) 1995.
_________________Pelvic-floor rehabilitation, Part 1: Comparison of two surface electrode placements during stimulation of the pelvic-floor musculature in women who are continent using bipolar interferential currents. Phys Ther 1995 Dec;75 (12):1067-74.
Dunbar A. The use of ultrasound for perineal pain. JSWH 22 (2): 13-16, June 1998.
___________ Labor pain management: How to establish a TENS program. J OBIGYN PT 1988; 12:3:4.
Dunn PA et al. Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation at acupuncture points in the induction of uterine contractions. Obstet Gynaecol 73 (2):286, Feburary 1989.
Dyson M. Therapeutic Application of Ultrasound in: Nyborg WL, Ziskin MC (eds) Biological Effects of Ultrasound (Clinics in Diagnostic Ultrasound). New York, NY: Churchill Livingstone Inc, 1995.
Eckford SD et al. Interferential treatment for pelvic floor re-education associated with expulsion of intra-uterine contraceptive devices. J Obstet Gynaecol 12:340, 1992.
Empi Inc. Instruction manual for physician use. Innova Feminine Incontinence Treatrnent System. 1991
Edwards P et al. Electronic control of incontinence: a critical review of the present situation. Br J Urol 44:467-472, 1972.
“Electrical stimulation” chap 11 --------------------Nonsurgical Therapies, in: Benson T. Female Pelvic Floor Disorders. New York: W. W. Norton and Company; 1992.
Erkkola R, Pikkola P, Kanto J. Transcutaneous nerve stimulation for pain relief during labour: a controlled study. Ann Chir Gynaecol; 69:273-277. 1980.
____________et al. Electrostimulation of the pelvic floor in female urinary incontinence: summary of doctoral thesis. Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand 69:359-360, 1990.
___________ Maximal electrostimulation of the pelvic floor in female idiopathic detrusor instability and urge incontinence.Urol Urodynamics 8:219, 1989.
__________Changes in urodynamic measurements after successful anal electrostimulation in female urinary incontinence. Br J Urol 59:45, 1987.
___________Effect of anal electrostimulation with the "Incontan" device in women with urinary incontinence.
Br J Obstet Gynaec 94:147, Feb 1987.
___________Transcutaneous nerve stimulation for pain relief during labour. A controlled study. Ann Chir Gyn 69:273, 1980.
Erlandson BE et al. Intravaginal electrical stimulation - clinical experiences on urethral closure. Scand J Urol Nephrol Suppl 44 part 3:31-39, 1977.
Fall M. Does electrostimulation cure urinary incontinence? J Urol 131:664, April 1984.
_______Lindstrom S. Electrical stimulation: A physiologic approach to the treatment of urinary Incontinence. Urol Clin of North Amer.;18:393-406, 1991.
_______ et al. Contelle: pelvic floor stimulator for female stress-urge incontinenc.: Urology 27 (3):282, Mar 1986.
_______ & Erlandson BE, Nilson AE, Sundin T. Long term intravaginal electrical stimulation in urge and stress incontinence. Scand J Urol Nephrol Suppl.; 6(44):55-63, 1978.
Fisher AP and M Hanna. Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation in meralgia parasthetica of pregnancy.
British JOG 94: 603, 1987.
Flannery FG et al. Electrical stimulation of the striated urinary sphincter mechanisms. Br J Surg 56 (8):632, 1969.
Frahm J, Richardson D. Surface EMG Protocol for Urinary Incontinence. Verimed Intemational, 1993.
Frampton VM.Pain control with the aid of transcutaneous nerve stimulation. Physiotherapy 68(3):77, 1982.
Gernh MR. Electrotherapy in Rehabilitation, Philadelphia,PA: F.A. Davis, 1992
Glen ES. Effective and safe control of incontinence by the intra-anal plug electrode. Br J Surg 58 (4) April 1971.
Godec C, Cass AS, Ayala GF. Bladder inhibition with functional electrical stimulation. Urology. 6:663-666, 1975.
___________ et al. Acute electrical stimulation for urinary incontinence. Urology XII 3340:342, September, 1978.
___________ Electrical stimulation for incontinence in myelomeningocele. J Urol l20: 729-73l, 1978.
___________ Electrical stimulation for voiding dysfunction after spinal cord injury. J Urol l20: 73-75, 1979.
___________ Optimal parameters of electrical stimulation in the treatment of urinary incontinence. Investig Urol 18 (4):239, 1989.
___________ Selection of patients with urinary incontinence for application of functional electrical stimulation. Urol Int 31:124, 1976.
___________ Clinical application of Pavlovian conditioning reflexes in treatment of urinary incontinence. Urology 22 (4):397-400, 1983.
___________ Electrical stimulation for incontinence: technique, selection and results. Urol 7(4):358-397, April 1976.
___________ Bladder inhibition with functional electrical stimulation. Urol VI (6,) Dec 1975.
Grant A et al. Ultrasound & pulsed electromagnetic energy for perineal trauma. Obstet Gynaecol 96 (4):434, April 1989.
Grim L. Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation for relief of parturition pain. Phys Therapy 65(3):337, 1985.
Haag W. Practical experience with intereference current therapy in gynaecology. Der Frauenarzt. 1:1, 1979.
Harrison NW. Stress incontinence and the use of implanted electronic stimulators in children. Proc Royal Soc Med 64:128-130, Feb 1971.
Harrison RF et al. Pain relief in labour duing transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS): a TENS/TENS placebo controlled study in two parity groups. Br J Obstet Gynecol 93:739, 1986.
__________ A comparative study of transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS), entonox, pethidine + promazine, and lumbar epidural for pain relief in labor. Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand 66:9, 1987.
Henella SM et al. Non operative methods in the treatment of female genuine stress incontinence of urine. 9(3):222, January 1989.
Hollingher JL Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation after Cesarean birth. Phys Therapy 66(1):36, 1986.
Hopkinson BR, Lightwood R. Electrical treatment of anal incontinence. Lancet. 1:297-298, 1966.
Hudgins AP. Electrical muscle stimulation in gynecology. Am Practitioner 6: 1695, Nov 1955.
Hughes SC et al. Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation for labor analgesia. Anesth Anal; 67:S99, 1988.
Hutch J & H Elliott. Electromyographic study of electrical activity in the paraurethral muscles prior to and during voiding. J Urol 99:759, 1968.
Janknegt RA et al. Electrically stimulated gracilis sphincter for treatment of bladder sphincter incontinence. Lancet 8828:11129, 7 November 1992.
Johnson MI. Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation in pain management Brit J of Midwif 5 (7): 400 Jul 1997
Jones C.M.H. Transcutaneous nerve stimulation as a method of anlagesia in labour. Anaesth 34:361, 1979.
Kahn J. Principles and Practice of Electrotherapy. 2nd ed. New York: Churchill Livingstone, 1991.
________ Elecrodes and procedures for treatment of stress incontinence. JOGPT 17 (1), March 1993.
Keenan D et al. Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation for pain control during labour and delivery. Phys Therapy 65(9):1353, 1985.
Kiesswetter H, Flamm J. The mucosal electrosensitivity threshold (MST): A test for use in conjunction with electronic stimulation in urinary incontinence in women. Br J Urol 50:262-263, 1978.
________ Treating incontinence electrically. Br Med J: 768, September 1972
Klein J et al. Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation, in Kloth, L. “Shortwave and Microwave Diathermy”
in Michlovitz, SL ed. Thermal Agents in Rehabilitation, Philadelphia, PA: FA Davis, 1986, p 211.
Kraus DJ et al.. Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation for stress incontinence. J Urol 125:790, Jan 1981.
Krzyszton J. TENS in labour. JAPAOG 3(1) April 1984.
Laycock J. and RJ Green. Interferential therapy in the treatment of incontinence. Physiotherapy 74:161, 1988.
_________ International Continence study seminars. Audiotapes available from Section on Women’s Health of American Physical Therapy Association.
Lehmann JF, Warren CG and Scham SM. Therapeutic heat and cold. Clinical Orthopedics and Related Research.99:207-245, 1974.
Lewers D, Clelland J, Jackson JR, Varner, RE, Bergman J. Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation in the relief of primary dysmenorrhea. Phys Ther. 1989;69:1:3-9.
Lindstrom S et al. The neurophysiological basis of bladder inhibition in response to intravaginal electrical stimulation. J Urol 129:405-410, 1982 ?1983
Lundeberg T et al. Relief of primary dysmenorrhea by transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation. Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand 64: 491, 1985.
Lytzen T et al. Relief of low back pain in labour using intracutaneous nerve stimulation (INS) with sterile water papules. Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand 68(4) 341, 1989.
Mannheimer JS and EC Whalen. The efficacy of TENS in dysmenorrhea. Clinical J Pain. 1: 175, 1985.
McCarthy, T. Functional electrical stimulation. Chapter 36 in Ostergard, D. ed. Gynecologic Urology and Urodynamics: Theory and Practice. 2nd ed. Baltimore: Williams and Wilkins, 1985.
McGuire EJ et al. Treatment of motor & sensory detrusor instability by electrical stimulation. J Urol.;129:78-79, 1983
McQuire WA. Electrotherapy & exercises for stress incontinence & urinary frequency. Physiotherapy 61:10, Oct 1975.
Merrill DC. The treatment of detrusor incontinence by electrical stimulation. J Urol l25: 790-793, June 198l.
____________ The treatment of detrusor incontinence by electrical stimulation. J Urol. 122:515-5171979;.
Miller-Jones CM. TENS in labour. Anesthesia 35 (4):372, April 1980.
Montgomery E & A Shepherd. Electrical stimulation and graded pelvic exercises for genuine stress incontinence. Physiotherapy 69:(4):112, April 1983.
Moore T & P Schofield. Treatment of stress incontinence by maximum perineal electrical stimulation. Br Med J 3:150-151, July 1967.
Morris LA. and RA. Newton. Use of high voltage pulsed galvanic stimulation for patients with levator ani syndrome. Phys Therapy 67:l522-25, 1987.
Movor T, Schofied PF. Treatment of stress incontinence by maximal perineal, electrical stimulation. Br Med J
3:150-151, 1967.
Neighbours LE et al. TENS for pain relief in primary dysmenorrhea. Clinical J Pain. 3:17,1987.
Nelson R.M et al. Clinical Electrotherapy, Norwalk CT: Appleton and Lange, 1987
Nesheim B. The use of transcutaneous nerve stimulation for pain relief during labour: a controlled clinical study. Acta Obstet Gvnecol Scand; 60:13-16,1981.
Newton R. High-voltage pulsed galvanic stimulation: theoretical bases and clinical application, p 180 in
Nelson, RM et al. Clinical Electrotherapy, Norwalk CT: Appleton and Lange, 1987.
Nicosia JF, Abcarian J. Levator syndrome, a treatment that works. Dis Col & Rect. 28:406-408,1985.
Nolan J. Choosing electotherapeutic devices. PT Magazine. 43-50, July 1993.
Ohlsson BL. Effects of some different pulse parameters on the perception of intravaginal and intra-anal electrical stimulation. Med and Bio Eng and Comp. 1988;26:503-508
Oliver GC, Rubin RJ, Salvati EP, Eisenstat JE. Electrogalvanic stimulation in the treatment of levator syndrome. Dis Col & Rect 28:662-663, 1985.
Paterson P. and N. Harrison. Electronic techniques in the treatment of female urinary incontinence. J Obstet Gynaec Brit Comm 77:732, August 1970.
Pipp LM. TENS Update. J OB GYN PT 1993; 17:1:12.
Plevnik S. Maximal elecrical stimulation for urinary incontinence. Urol 14:638, 1979.
_________ et al. Short-term electrical stimulation: home treatment for urinary incontinence. World J Urol 4:24-26,1986.
_________ et al. Optimization of pulse duration for electrical stimulation in treatment of urinary incontinence. World J Urol. 1986;4:22-23.
___________ Transcutaneous nerve stimulation used in labour. JACPOG 54:13, Jan 1984.
Polden M. Transcutaneous nerve stimulation in labour and post-Cesarean section. Physiotherapy 71(8):350,1985.
Pomerantz E. TENS and pregnancy: rules for safe practice. JOGPT 12(3):5, September 1988.
______________ Electroanalgesia for dysmenorrhea. J OB GYN PT. 1988; 12: 1:11.Rakovec, S. Reflex electrical stimulation for urinary incontinence. Urol Int 31:111, 1976.
Riley J.E. The impact of TENS on the post-caesarean patient. J Obstet Gynecol Neonat Nurs 11:325, 1982.
Robson E. Transcutaneous nerve stimulation for pain relief in labour. Anaesthesia 34:357, 1979.
Rudy DR, Bush IM. Hysterectomy and sexual dysfunction: You can help. Patient Care. September 1992:67-82.
Sand PK et al. Pelvic floor stimulation in the treatment of genuine stress incontinence: A multicenter,
placebo-controlled trial. Am J Obstet Gynecol, 173:72-79, July 1995.
Savage Brenda. Interferential Therapy. Boston: Faber and Faber, 1984.
Schwartz MS. Biofeedback: A practitioner's guide. New York, NY: Guilford Press, 1995.
Scott DB et al. Pelvic faradism: investigation of methods. Physiotherapy 55:8 302-5, August l, 1969.
Scott R. & C. Hsueh. A clinical study of the effects of galvanic vaginal muscle stimulation in urinary stress incontinence and sexual dysfunction. AJOG 135 (5):663, November 1979.
___________________ A clinical study of the effects of galvanic vaginal muscle stimulation in urinary stress incontinence and sexual dysfunction. AJOG 1979;135:663-665.
Shepherd A et al. Maximal perineal stimulation: a controlled study. Br J Urology 56:644-646, 1984.
Sigsgaard CA et al. Trainability of the pelvic floor. A prospective study during pregnancy and after delivery.
Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand 67 (5):437, 1988.
Sittler K. Effects of exercise and exercise combined with electrical stimulation on diastasis recti: a single-subject design. J OB/GYN PT, 21(2):5-14,June 1997.
Snooks S.J et al. Perineal nerve and transcutaneous spinal stimulation: new methods for investigation of
the urethral striated sphincter musculature. Br J Urol 56:406-409, 1984.
Sohn N et al. The levator syndrome & its treatment with high-voltage electrogalvanic stimulation. Am J Surg 144:581, 1982.
Sotiropoulos A. Urinary incontinence: management with electronic stimulation of muscles of pelvic floor. Urology 6(3):312, September 1975.
_________ et al. Management of urinary incontinence with electronic stimulation: observations and results. J Urology 116:747-750, December 1976.
Stewart P. Transcutaneous nerve stimulation as a method of analgesia in labour. Anaesthesia 34:361, 1979.
Suhel P. Adjustable nonimplantable electrical stimulators for correction of urinary incontinence.
______ & J. Satler. Use of biological feedback in correction of urinary incontinence. Urol Int 32:238-246, 1977.
Tal Z et al. Breast electrostimulation for the induction of labor. Obstets Gynaecol 72 (4):671 October 1988.
Taylor T, Smith AN, Fulton PM. Effect of hysterectomy on bowel function. Br Med. j. 1989;299:300-301.
Thomas IL, Tyle V, Webster J, Neilson A. An evaluation of transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation for pain relief in labour. Aust NZ J Obstet Gynaecol; 28:182-189. 1988.
Thompson J. Pharmacology of transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation. JACPOG, 67:7, Summer 1990.
Thorp JM et al. Assessment of perineal floor function: electromyography with acrylic plug surface electrodes in nulliparous women. Obstet & Gynecol 78(1): 89, 1991.
Trontelj J. et al. Electrical stimulation for urinary incontinence. Urol Int 29:213, 1974.
Turner A. An appraisal of maximal faradic stimulation of pelvic muscles in the management of female urinary incontinence. Ann Royal Coll Surg 61:144, 1979.
Vance AR et al. Microwave Diathermy Treatment for Primary Dysmenorrhea (Case Report) Physical Therapy. 76 (9): 1003-1007, 1996.
Watson T. Electrotherapy research developments and their relevance to women’s health. J Assoc Chartered Physios in Women’s Health, 78:7-5, February 1996.
Wolf SL. Electromyographic biofeedback: An overview. Clinical Electrotherapy. 361-381, 1991.
_________ Clinics in Physical Therapy Electotherapy. New York: Churchill Livingstone; 1981.
Workman DE. Validation of surface EMG as a measure of intravaginal and intra-abdominal activity: Implications for biofeedback-assisted Kegel exercises. Psychophysiology, 30: 120-125, 1993.
Ziskin MC et al. Therapeutic ultrasound in Michlovitz, S.L. ed. Thermal Agents in Rehabilitation, Philadelphia, PA: FA Davis, 1986.